Sow radish seed directly in the garden (or containers) four to six weeks before the first frost of the season. Planting depth- ½”. Plant spacing- 2-3”
Prior to planting carrot seeds it is important to work the soil deeply, and to remove all rocks and large soil clumps (A sandy mix is preferred). Carrots prefer a sandy, rich soil that is well-drained and do quite well in containers. Sow seeds directly on the soil surface and water immediately. The highest quality carrots are grown when temperatures average between 60°F and 70°>F.
Kale can be grown easily in both containers and the backyard garden. A member of the cabbage family, Kale prefers cool temperatures and will be sweetened by a touch of frost. Optimal soil temperature is 60 - 65 degrees F. PLEASE NOTE: Hot weather turns kale bitter. Cover seeds with about ½ inch of soil and don’t allow the seeds to dry out before germinating. This is very important! Kale plants like to grow in a rich soil, high in organic matter and slightly acidic (5.5 - 6.5 pH). You’re growing it for the foliage so don’t worry about having too rich a soil mix. Kale can be direct seeded in the garden or started indoors and set out as transplants. Here in Ohio I start seeds indoors in April for transplant in May after last frost. Space plants 12” apart. I also sow outside in August, September, and October for a continuous fall harvest.